Current Research

UIW Center for Medical Tourism Research Logo

As a service to the medical tourism community, here is a list of current research on medical tourism (Note: includes academic papers that may not be available without paid access to paid databases):

List as of August 22, 2011

Current Research:

Abhiyan, J. (2006) Globalisation and Health. Towards the National health Assembly II. Retrieved 22 Mar 09

Abraham. E. J. (2007) Pulse on health and nursing in India. Nursing and Health Sciences 9, 79–81.

Ackerman, S. (2009) Operating in Eden: Cosmetic Surgery Tourism and the Politics of Public and private medicine in Costa Rica. Dissertation in Dept. of anthropology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Alsever, J. (2006) Basking on the Beach, or maybe on the Operating Table. October 15, 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2007 from

Altman, S., D. Shactman, and E. Eliat. (2006) Could US Hospitals Go the Way of US Airlines? Health Affairs. 25(1):11-21.

American Medical Association. (2008) New AMA Guidelines on Medical Tourism. Retrieved 11 May 2009

Anonymous (2007) Dental "Tourism" To Reach 2.5 Million Mark In 2007 RDH Nursing and Allied Health Source., 26. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1338229911)

Anonymous (2007a) Issues Poll. Associated Press. Retrieved 8 April 2008

Anonymous (2008) ABC News/Washington Post Poll. ABC News/Washington Post. Retrieved 6 May 2008

Anonymous (2008a) Editorial Comments: Towards an improved framework for cross-border healthcare. Common Law Market Review 45, 1325–1333.

Anonymous (2008b) Explosive Growth in Medical Tourism and Rise of Retail Clinics Provide Cost Savings for Patients-and Challenges for Providers. Healthcare Financial Management, 62(9) 12,14.

Anonymous (2008c) Medical Tourism Association website, MTA, Accessed June 20th, 2009

Anonymous (2008d) Medical Tourism: More Tuck for the Buck; More Crown for the Colon. In Exploring Costa Rica 2008/9. Tico Times 16th edition. San Jose, CR.

Anonymous (2008e) Planning Commission upbeat about Medical Tourism, Grim on Citizen Healthcare. Infochange. Retrieved 10 Aug 09 from

Anonymous (2008f) Universal health care through medical tourism. Healism. Retrieved 26 May 2008 from

Anonymous (2008g) Virtual hitchhiker's guide to the medical universe. Harvard Health Letter 33(12)

Anonymous (2008h) Editorial Comments: Towards an improved framework for cross-border healthcare, Common Law Market Review, Vol. 45, pp. 1325–1333

Anonymous (2009) Joint Commission International website,, Accessed June 20th, 2009

Anonymous (2011) The Future of Healthcare: An Opportunity for Change. Frost and Sullivan’s GIL eBulletin 4(2)$File/GIL11V4Q2_MEGATREND%20REPORT.html (Accessed 30 March 2011)

Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield in Wisconsin. (2008) Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield Introduces International Medical Tourism Pilot Program. Medical Devices and Surgical Technology Week,466. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1597943281)

Arellano, A. (2007) Patients Without Borders: The Emergence of Medical Tourism. International Journal of Health Services. 37(1):193-8.

Aronson, J.A. (1994) ‘Pragmatic View of Thematic Analysis’. The Qualitative Report, 2: 1

Association Resource Centre, Inc. (2006) Spa, Health and Wellness Sector: foreign competitor profiles. Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from product_knowledge/Spa_Health_Wellness_Sector_Foreign_Competitor_Profile_eng.pdf

Bagchi, S. (2008) Growth generates health care challenges in booming India. Canadian Medical Association. Journal, 178(8) 981-3. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1455696691)

Baker, M. (2005) Stem cell therapy or snake oil? Nat Biotechnol. Dec; 23 (12):1467-9.

Bakic, O. and Hrabovski-Tomic, E. (2008) Informal Education for Management in Health Tourism. Tourism and Hospitability Management. 14(1):1-12. (Retrieved 7 Jan 09 from

Baldoria, F. and Osana, J. (2007) Medical Tourism: A Booming Industry. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Business Friday Section (Lexis Nexis)

Barclay, E. (2009) Stem-cell experts raise concerns about medical tourism. Lancet. Mar 14;373(9667):883-4.

Barmeyer, J. (2007) The Next Generation of Vacations Medical Tourism. Insight Business. Retrieved 30 January 2009 from

Barron, N. (2008) Seeking Beauty, Cutting costs: Why so many Americans go under the knife abroad. Master of Art Thesis at University of Southern California. Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Begde, P. (2008) Opportunity and challenges for Medical tourism in India. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India-Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Ben-Natan, M., E. Ben-Sefer and M. Ehrenfeld. (2009) Medical Tourism: A new role for Nursing. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Bennett, B. (2007) Law and ethics for the bioeconomy and beyond. J Law Med. Aug;15(1):7-13.

Bennett, M, B. King, L. Milner. The Health resort sector in Australia: A positioning study. Journal of Vacation Marketing. Retrieved 15 May 2009 from

Bennett, T. (2009) 'Medical Tourism: Part of the Problem or Part of the Solution?', Intensive workshop on health systems in transition, University of Malaya, 29-30 April. Retrieved 1 Feb 10 from

Bennett, T. (2009) Perspectives, Medical Travel Today, August. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from:

Bergmark, R, Barr, D, Garcia, R. (2010) Mexican immigrants in the US living far from the border may return to Mexico for health services. J Immigr Minor Health. Aug;12(4):610-4.

Bezruchka, S. (2000) Medical Tourism as medical harm in the third world: why, For Whom? Wilderness Environmental Medicine. 11:77-78.

Bhangale, V. (2008) Medical Tourism: Taking a big way in India. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India-Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Bhatia, V, Arora, P, Parida, AK, Mittal, A, Pandey, AK, and Kaul, U. (2009) Air travel and pulmonary embolism: "economy class syndrome". J Assoc Physicians India. May;57:412-4.

Bhattacharya, M. (2008) Advantage Gujarat in Medical Tourism. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India- Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Bies, W. and L. Zacharia. (2007) Medical Tourism: Outsourcing surgery. Mathematical and Computer Modelling. 46:1144-1159.

Birch, D.W., Lan, V., Shahzeer, K., Stoklossa, C.J., Sharma, A.M. (2010) ‘Medical Tourism in Bariatric Surgery’. The American Journal of Surgery, 199(5): 604-608.

Birch, J, Caulfield, R, and Ramakrishnan, V. The complications of 'cosmetic tourism' -an avoidable burden on the NHS. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2007;60(9):1075-7.

Bishop, R. and J. Litch. (2000) Medical Tourism can do harm (Personal View) BMJ. 8 April 2000. 320:1017

Blouin, C. (2007) Trade policy and health: from conflicting interests to policy coherence. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 85:169-73.

Blyth, E. and A. Farrand. (2005) Reproductive tourism a price worth paying for reproductive autonomy? Critical Social Policy, Vol 25(10):91-114.

Boga, T., Weiermair, K. (2011) "Branding new services in health tourism", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.90 - 106

Bookman, M. Z., and Bookman, K. R. (2007) Medical Tourism in Developing Countries. New York: Palgrave.

Borman, E. (2004) Health Tourism: Where healthcare, ethics, and the state collide. BMJ. 10 January 2004. 328:60-1.

Brady, C. (2007) Offshore Gambling: Medical Outsourcing Versus ERISA’s Fiduciary Duty Requirement. Washington and Lee Law Review 64(3) 1073–1114.

Bramstedt, K, and Xu, J. (2007) Checklist: Passport, Plane Ticket, Organ Transplant. American Journal of Transplantation 7:1698-1701.

Brenner, (2009) Entrepreneurial Approach to Benefits Can Improve Cost Containment and Outcomes, Journal of Financial Service Professionals, September, pp. 28-31

Brenzel, L. and E. Le Franc. (2007) Opportunities and Challenges for Expanding trade in health Services in the English Speaking Caribbean. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Bristow, R. (2009) Eco-medical tourism: can it be sustainable? In: Klenosky, David B.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2008 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium; 2008 March 30 - April 1; Bolton Landing, NY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-42. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 158-164. Retrieved 11 May 09 from

Bristow, R., Yang, W. and Lu, M. (2009) Mineral spas to cosmetic surgery: is health tourism sustainable? 15th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management. Vienna, Austria July 2009.

Bristow, R., Yang, W. and Lu, M. (2011) Sustainable Medical Tourism in Costa Rica. Tourism Review.66(1-2) pp107-117.

Brooker, E. and F. Go. (2006 ) Health Care Tourism A Classic Example of Disruptive Innovation. Paper presented at Travel and Tourism Research Association Canada Chapter Conference, 15-17 October 2006, Montebello, Quebec.

Brown, F., and Hall, D. (2008) Tourism and development in the global south: The Issues. Third World Quarterly 29(5) 839–849.

Brown, S. (2008) Medical tourism: nations vie for health dollars. Hospitals and health Networks (Dec 2008) 82(12):49.

Bryant, R. (2002) Despite Turbulent times, Dead Sea draws medical tourism. Dermatology Times, 23(2):8.

Buccilli, E., and R. Stefanacci. (2008) Travel Assistance and Medical Tourism. Assisted Living Consult. March/April 2008. Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Budiani-Saberi, D. and Delmonico, F. (2008) Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism. American Journal of Transplantation 8: 925-929.

Burkett, L. (2007) Medical tourism concerns, benefits, and the American legal perspective. TheJournal of Legal Medicine 28, 223–245.

Burkhart, L. and Gentry, L. (2008) Medical Tourism: What you should know. The Saturday Evening Post Jan/Feb 2008, 280:1, p 52-53, 90, 92, 94.

Caballero-Danell, S. and C. Mugomba. (2007) Medical Tourism and its Entrepreneurial Opportunities a conceptual framework for entry into the industry. Master Thesis Goteborg University. Retrieved 22 Mar 09 from

Canadian Tourism Commission. (2006) Identifying the Spa Traveler: A Look at US and Canadian Consumer Attitudes and Motivators for Spa Vacations. Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from

Canales MT, Kasiske BL, Rosenberg ME. (2006) Transplant tourism: Outcomes of United States residents who undergo kidney transplantation overseas. Transplantation. Dec 27;82(12):1658-61.

Carabello, L. (2008) Tourism Primer for US Physicians. Medical Practice Management. March/April 2008. Retrieved 12 Jan 09 from

Carrera, P. (2006) Medical tourism. Health Affairs 25(5):1453.

Casabona Martinez, I., et. al. (2005) El nuevo fenmeno europeo del turismo de salud : estado de la cuestin. Cultura de los cuidados. Ao IX, n 18, 2. semestre 2005, pp. 38-44.

Castonguay, G. and A. Brown. (1993) Plastic Surgery Tourism proving a boon for Costa Rica’s surgeons. Canadian Medical Association Journal 148(1): 74-76.

CDC. (2004) Brief Report: Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections After Cosmetic Surgery--Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 2003--2004. MMWR. 53(23):509.

Chakravarthy, K., Ravi Kumar, C.H., and Deepthi, K. (2008) SWOT Analysis on Medical Tourism (presented at the Conference on Tourism in India-Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Chambers, D. and B. McIntosh. (2008) Using Authenticity to Achieve Competitive in Medical Tourism in the English-speaking Caribbean. Third World Quarterly. 29(5):919-937.

Chambers, T. A. (1999) Fashionable disease: Promoting health and leisure at Saratoga Springs, New York and the Virginia Springs, 1790-1860. The College of William and Mary) ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Chanda, R. (2002) ‘Trade in Health Services’. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 80(2): 158-163.

Chandira boss, Moli, Roy, and Prasad (2009) Biomedical Waste Generation in Puducherry Government General Hospital and Its Management Implications, Journal of Environmental Health, May, Vol. 71, No. 9

Chaudhuri, S.K. (2008) Ethics of medical tourism. J Indian Med Assoc. Mar;106(3):188.

Chaynee, W. (2003) Health Tourism to Drive Earnings. Mierscope (The Malaysian Institute of Economic Research) Retrieved 7 Feb 09 from

Chee, H. (2007) Medical Tourism in Malaysia: International Movement of Healthcare Consumers and the Commodification of Healthcare (January 1, 2007) Asia Research Institute Working Paper No. 83. Retrieved 28 Dec 2008 from

Chen, J. (2007) Wellness Tourism: Measuring Consumers Quality of Life. In Chen et. al. editors. Proceedings of the First Hospitality and Leisure: Business Advances and Applied Research Conference. Lausanne, Switzerland. July 2007. Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Cherukara, J. and J. Manalel. (2008) Medical Tourism in Kerala-Challenges and Scope. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India- Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Cheung I. and Wilson A. (2007) Arthroplasty tourism. Medical Journal of Australia. 187(11-12):666-7.

Chinai, R. and R. Goswami. (2005) Are we ready for medical tourism? The Hindu. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Chinai, R. and R. Goswami. (2007) Medical Visas mark growth of Indian medical tourism. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. March 85(3):164-5.

Chong, Su-Lin. (2001) Health Tourism: New Concepts and Fresh Perspectives. In Papers Presented at the National Conference on Tourism: Profiling Malaysian Tourism in the New Era, pp. 1-11. Kuala Lumpur: Asian Strategy and Leadership Institute

Coggon, J. (2010) ‘Does Public Health Have a Personality (and If So, Does It Matter If You Don’t Like It)?’ Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 19(2): 235-248.

Cohen, E. (2008) Medical Tourism in Thailand. AU-GSB e-Journal, an on-line scholarly publication issued twice a year by the Graduate School of Business, Assumption University of Thailand. Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Cohen, E. (2009) (online journal about Thailand and medical tourism)

Cohen, G. (2009) Protecting patients with passports: Medical tourism and the patient protective argument. Iowa Law Review 95(5) 11-12.

Cohen, G. (2010) Medical Tourism: The View from Ten Thousand Feet, Hastings Center Report, Vol. 40, No. 2, March-April, pp. 11-12

Connell, J. (2006) Medical Tourism: Sea, Sun, Sand and .. Surgery. Tourism Management 27,1093–1100.

Cook, P. (2008) What is health and Medical Tourism? Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Sociological Association 2008. Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from,%20Tourism,%20Travel%20and%20Sport/Cook,%20Peta,%20Session%2038%20PDF.pdf

Cortez N. (2009) International Health Care Convergence: The Benefits and Burdens of Market-Driven Standardization. Wisconsin International Law Journal. 26(3):646-704.

Cortez N. (2010) Recalibrating the Legal Risks of Cross-Border Health Care. Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics. Winter:1-87.

Cortez, N. (2008) Patients without borders: The emerging global market for patients and the evolution of modern health care. Indiana Law Journal (Winter) 83.

Crone R.K. (2008) Flat medicine? Exploring trends in the globalization of health care. Acad Med. Feb;83(2):117-21.

Crooks, V., Kingsbury, P., Snyder, J. and Johnston, R. (2010) ‘What Is Known About the Patient’s Experience of Medical Tourism? A Scoping Review’. BMC Health Services Research, 10(1): 266-277.

Dalstrom, M. D. (2010) Medical migrants in the US-mexico borderlands. The University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee) ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Delmonico F.L. (2009) The Hazards of Transplant Tourism. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. Jan 21.

Deloitte. (2008) Medical Tourism: 2008 Survey of Health Care Consumers. Retrieved 15 Nov 08 from

Deloitte. (2009) Medical Tourism: Update and implications. Retrieved 25 Oct 09 from

Denin, N., Lincoln, Y. (2005) The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, 3rd Edition. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Ltd.

Derckx, V. (2006) Expulsion of Illegal Residents (Aliens) with Medical Problems and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. European Journal of Health Law 13, 313-319.

Deshpande P, Rodrigues C, Shetty A, Kapadia F, Hedge A, Soman R. (2010) New Delhi Metallo-beta lactamase (NDM-1) in Enterobacteriaceae: treatment options with carbapenems compromised. J Assoc Physicians India. Mar;58:147-9.

Development Research News (2005) The future looks bright for health tourism. Philippine Instituted for Development Studies. 23(5-b) Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Didaskalou, E. P. Nastos, A. Matzarakis. (2004) The Development Prospects for Greek Health Tourism and the Role of the Bioclimatic Regime in Greece. In Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C. and Scott, D. Advances in Tourism Climatology. Freiburg. Pp 149-57. Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Douglas, D. (2007) Is Medical Tourism the Answer? Frontiers of Health Services Management24(2) 35–40.

Dumont, J., and Zurn, P. (2007) OECD International Migration Outlook. (Accessed 06 June 2010)

Dunn, P. (2007) An American in Bangkok. Hospitals and Health Networks 81(11):43.

Dunn, P. (2007) Medical Tourism Takes Flight. Hospitals and Health Networks 40, 44.

Dyer, C. (2003) Swiss parliament may try to ban suicide tourism. BMJ. 1 Feb 2003. 326:242.

Economist. (2007) Sun, Sand and Scalpels. Economist. 3/10/2007. 382:8519, p62.

Eggertson, L. (2006) Wait-list weary Canadians seek treatment abroad, CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Vol. 174, No. 9, pp. 1247.

Ehrbeck, T., Guevara, C. and Mango, P.D. (2008) Mapping the market for medical travel, The McKinsey Quarterly, May. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from:

Einhorn, B. (2008) Outsourcing the Patients. Business Week. Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

Eissler, L. A. (2010) The lived experience of seeking health care through medical tourism: An interpretive phenomenological study of Alaskan patients traveling internationally for medical and dental care. University of Hawai'i at Manoa) ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

English, V., Gardner, J., Romano-Critchley, G. and Sommerville, A. (2001) Ethics Briefings. Journal of Medical Ethics 27:284-285.

Enserink M. Selling the Stem Cell Dream. Science. 2006;313:160-3.

Ernst, D. (2006) Medical Tourism: why Americans take medical vacations abroad. Pacific Research Institute 4(9) Retrieved 28 December 2008 from

Evans, R. (2008) Ethnocentrism is an Unacceptable Rational for health Care Policy. American Journal of Transplantation. 8: 1089-1095.

Farrugia A. Globalisation and blood safety. Blood Rev. 2009 May;23(3):123-8.

Feltracco P, Barbieri S, Bertamini F, Michieletto E, and Ori C. (2007) Economy class syndrome: still a recurrent complication of long journeys. Eur J Emerg Med. Apr;14(2):100-3.

Forgoione, D and Smith, P. (2007) Medical Tourism and Its Impact on the US Health Care System. Journal of Health Care Finance; Fall2007, 34(1):27-35.

Frellick, M. (2008) Medical Tourism: Patients jet to foreign locales for surgical procedures and return home for follow-up care. Retrieved 21 December 2008 from

Fried, B., and Harris, D. (2007) Managing Healthcare Services in the Global Marketplace. Frontiers of Health Services Management 24(2) 3–18.

Furuya EY, Paez A, Srinivasan A, Cooksey R, Augenbraun M, Baron M (2008) et. al. Outbreak of Mycobacterium abscessus Wound Infections among 'Lipotourists' from the United States Who Underwent Abdominoplasty in the Dominican Republic. CID. 46:1181-8.

Gajic O, Sprung J, Hall BA, and Lightner DJ. (2004) Fatal acute pulmonary embolism in a patient with pelvic lipomatosis after surgery performed after transatlantic airplane travel. Anesth Analog. Oct;99(4):1032-4, table of contents.

Gajic O, Warner DO, Decker PA, Rana R, Bourke DL, and Sprung J. (2005) Long-haul air travel before major surgery: a prescription for thromboembolism? Mayo Clin Proc. Jun;80(6):728-31.

Galland, Z. (2008) Medical Tourism: The Insurance Debate. Business Week. Retrieved 12 December 2008 from

Ganguly and Pardesi (2007) India Rising: What is New Delhi to Do?, World Policy Journal, Spring, pp. 9-18.

Garraway, J. (2007) Commentary: the greater Caribbean this week: A novel tourism concept. Caribbean NetNews. Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

Garud AD. (2005) Medical tourism and its impact on our healthcare. Natl Med J India. Nov-Dec;18(6):318-9.

Garza, A, A. Rodriguez-Lainz, and I. Ornelas. (2004) The Health of the California Region Bordering Mexico. Journal of Immigrant Health. 6(3) 137-144.

Garza, A. M. Stanich, K. Southisombath. (nd) Californians who access health care services in another country. University of California, San Francisco, Fresno. Health and Policy Research Unit. Retrieved 26 Oct 09 from

Geddes CC, Henderson A, Mackenzie P, and Rodger SC. (2008) Outcome of patients from the west of Scotland traveling to Pakistan for living donor kidney transplants. Transplantation. Oct 27;86(8):1143-5.

Geisel, R. W. (2008) Successful medical tourism rests primarily on design. Business Insurance, 42(10):18.

George, B. (2009) Medical tourism in India: A case study of Apollo Hospitals. In: Smith, M., and Puczko, L. (eds) Health and Wellness Tourism. Burlington, MA, Elsevier Science and Technology Books, pp. 367-372.

George, B. and Nedelea, A. (2008) Medical Tourism: The Next Big Thing to Come (September 8, 2008) Retrieved on 28 Dec 2008 from

George, B. and Nedelea, A. (2009) Medical tourism: an analysis with special reference to its current practice in India, International Journal of Leisure and Tourism Marketing, Vol. 1, No. 2, ps. 173-182.

George, B. and T. Henthome (2009) The Incorporation of Telemedicine with Medical Tourism. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management 18(5)512-5-22.

Gilbert (2006) Good Urban Governance: Evidence from a Model City?, Bulletin of Latin American Research, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 392–419

Global Advisory Services. (2004) Healing in Paradise: A Strategy for cultivating health and wellness tourism in Hawaii. Business Plan Report presented to the Hawaii Tourism Authority. Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from

Gonzales, A., L. Brenzel, and J Sancho. (2001) Health Tourism and Related Services: Caribbean Development and International Trade. Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Goodrich, J. (1990) Socialist Cuba: a study of health tourism, Journal of Travel Research, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 36-41.

Goodrich, J. (1993) Health-care tourism in the Caribbean in D. Gayle and J. Goodrich (eds.) Tourism marketing and management in the Caribbean. NY, NY: Routledge. P122-128.

Goodrich, J. (1994) Health Tourism: a new positioning strategy for tourist destinations. Journal of International Consumer Marketing. 6(3):227-238.

Gopol, R. (2008) The Key Issues and Challenges in medical Tourism sector in India (A Hospital Perspective) Presented at the Conference on tourism in India-Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Grant, L. (2009) Reproductive tourism: The case of India A feminist critical discourse analysis of Indian gestational surrogacy tourism. Lakehead University (Canada)) ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Gray, H., and Poland, S. (2008) Medical tourism: Crossing borders to access health care. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18(2) 193–201.

Green S. (2008) Medical Tourism--A Potential Growth Factor in Infection Medicine and Public Health. Journal of Infection. 57(5):429.

Greenberg, B. (2006) Have Ailment, Will Travel. The Los Angeles Daily News. 7 August 2006.

Guiry, Michael (2010), Brand Positioning in the Medical Tourism Industry: A Brand Personality Perspective. International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research, 2 (1), 20-37.

Guiry, M., and Vequist, D. (2011) The role of personal values in determining U.S. medical tourists’ expectations and perceptions of healthcare facility service quality: An exploratory investigation. Journal Of Tourism Challenges And Trends III(2) p151-161.

Guiry, M. and Vequist, D. (2011a) Traveling Abroad for Medical Care: U.S. Medical Tourists' Expectations and Perceptions of Service Quality. Health Marketing Quarterly, Jul-Sep, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p253-269.

Hadi, A. (2009) Globalization, medical tourism and health equity. Paper presented at the Symposium on Implications of Medical Tourism for Canadian Health and Health Policy on November 13, 2009 in Ottawa, Canada. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Hall, C. M. (2011) "Health and medical tourism: a kill or cure for global public health?", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.4 - 15

Hall, C. M., James, M. (2011) Medical tourism: emerging biosecurity and nosocomial issues, Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.118 - 126

Hamilton, J. (2007) Medical Tourism Creates Thai Doctor Shortage. Retrieved 8 March 2008 from

Hancock, D. (2006) The Complete Medical Tourist: Your guide to inexpensive dental cosmetic and medical surgery abroad. United Kingdom: John Blake.

Handschin, A., A. Banic, and M. Constantinescu (2007) Pulmonary Embolism after Plastic Surgery Tourism. Clinical Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis. 13(3): 340.

Hanna S, Saksena J, Legge S, and Ware H. (2009) Sending NHS patients for operations abroad: is the holiday over? Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. 91:128-30.

Hanson, F. (2008) A revolution in Healthcare: Medicine meets the marketplace. Public Affairs Review, 59:4.

Harling, R., Turbitt D, Millar M, Ushiro-Lumb I, Lacey S, Xavier G, and et. al. (2007) Passage from India: an outbreak of hepatitis B linked to a patient who acquired infection from health care overseas. Public Health. Oct;121(10):734-41.

Hay, B. (2001) New tourism market: health and well being holidays. Countryside Tourism 9(2):14-16.

Hazarika, I. (2009) Medical tourism: its potential impact on the health workforce and health systems in India. Health Policy Plan. Nov 19. 30

Healthcare Financial Management. (2009) Insurers pay for surgical procedures abroad. (Medical Tourism)(Brief article) Healthcare Financial Management 63.1 (Jan 2009): 12(1)

Helmy, E., and Travers, R. (2009) Towards the Development of Egyptian Medical Tourism Sector. Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, 20(2) 419-439.

Henderson J. (2003) Healthcare tourism in South East Asia, Tourism Review International, Vol. 7 Nos. 3/4, pp. 111-121

Henderson J. (2004) Paradigm shifts: National tourism organizations and education and healthcare tourism. The case of Singapore, Tourism and Hospitality Research, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 170-180

Herman, L. (2009) 'Assessing international trade in health services', ECIPE Working Paper 03/2009. Retrieved 1 Feb 10 from

Herrick, D. (2007) Medical Tourism: Global Competition in Health Care. National Center for Policy Analysis Retrieved from

Higgins R, West N, Fletcher S, Stein A, Lam F, and Kashi H. (2003) Kidney transplantation in patients travelling from the UK to India or Pakistan. Nephrol Dial Transplant. Apr;18(4):851-2.

Hilts, P. (1992) Quality and low cost of medical care lure Americans to Mexican doctors. New York Times. Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

Hoheb, C. (2008) The Link Between Spa and Medical Tourism. Les Nouvelles Esthetiques and Spa. December pp 131-134. Retrieved 26 October 09 from

Hopkins, L., Labonte, R., Runnels, V. And Packer, C. (2009) Medical tourism today: A narrative review of existing knowledge. Paper presented at the Symposium on the Implications of Medical Tourism for Canadian Health Policy, 13 November, Ottawa. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from:

Horowitz, M., and Rosensweig, J. (2007) Medical Tourism– Health Care in the Global Economy. The Physician Executive (November–December) 24–30.

Horowitz, M., Rosensweig, J. and Jones, C. (2007) Medical Tourism: globalization of the healthcare marketplace. MedGenMed, 13 November 2007. Second International Economic Conference. University of Kaposvar. Hungary. April 2009. Pp 693-99. Retrieved 30 Jan 09 from

Horvath, A. and Z. Arpasi. (2009) The Characteristics of the Development of the South Great Plain Region with Regard to the Health Tourism Sector. Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Howze, K. (2007) Note: Medical Tourism: Symptom or Cure? Georgia Law Review 41(3) 1013–1051.

Hufbauer, G. and Stephenson, S. (2007) Services Trade: Past Liberalization and Future Challenges, Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 605–630

Huff-Rouselle, M, Shepherd, C., Cushman, R., Imrie, J. and Lalta, S. (1995) Prospects for Health Tourism Exports for the English-Speaking Caribbean. World Bank. Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from

Hunter, D., and Oultram, S. (2010) The ethical and policy implications of rogue medical tourism Global Social Policy10(297) 297-299.

Hutchinson, B. (2005) Medical Tourism Growing Worldwide, U Daily (University of Delaware) July 25, 2005. Retrieved 15 May 2008 from

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